I've always wondered why the people I know who are most into computers seem to be the … There are 2 plural forms that feminine nouns don’t use at all and over 90% of all feminine nouns use the same plural form. We don’t say ‘wow! add -e: just those feminine nouns that end with -nis or -sal, add -e + umlaut: ~30 feminine monosyllables with ‘a’ or ‘u’ (& about ⅔ end with a -t sound). In the following sections, you’ll learn about. Polysyllables get off here, too, e.g. Some of the masculine monosyllables that take this weak -(e)n plural include Schmerz (pain), Fleck (stain), Nerv (nerve), and Zeh (toe). 1674, “To the Guardian-Angel”, in Reflexions upon the Devotions of the Roman Church, London: Richard Royston, page 419: 1.1.1. das Cello → die Cellos, das Konto → die Kontos). BUT!!! ‘endings’) change based on whether the noun is singular or plural. The only thing women do not do is to go to cafes or to have coffee or to smoke water pipes. As I mentioned earlier, the number of German noun plurals categories can be interpreted differently. Declension and Plural of Monitor The declension of the noun Monitor is in singular genitive Monitors and in the plural nominative Monitoren/Monitore. Some masculine and neuter monosyllables got off the train at Train Stop #2 (along with all feminine monosyllables) and more just got off at Train Stop #3 because they were English loanwords. die Ferien for holidays) in the same way. — some of the BEST resources on German plurals that I found were written in 1914 and 1882 . – Personenbezeichnungen mit festem Genus, „Zum Hirschen“ – Starke und schwache Deklinationsformen. 2. der Lehrer => die. Of course, now we have the opposite scenario: nouns in German that are used in their singular form that have English equivalents in the plural. To write this guide for you, I ended up nerding out on a major German noun plurals rabbit hole. : Much easier to think of her sipping espressos in the cafes of Rome, than camping in the bush. In English, lightning is a noun that doesn’t have a standard, regular plural. der Leiter — leader, but die Leiter — ladder), there is a small group of words that have the same gender in the singular (so, the meaning is ambiguous) but then different plural forms. Some singular nouns don’t take a regular plural form, so another word (that does have regular singular and plural forms) is added. 5. der Computer => die. Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. You pull out of the station and go through the train stops in sequence (train stop #1 – #5). programmgesteuerte, elektronische Rechenanlage; Datenverarbeitungsanlage, englisch computer, zu: to compute = (be)rechnen < lateinisch computare, Konto. So liegen Sie immer richtig, „m/w/d“? endings) always* take the same plural, regardless of noun gender. If your noun in question doesn’t fit the bill for Train Stop #2, then you keep riding to Train Stop #3. . add -e: most masculine nouns belong in this category! Even if you don’t know for sure if the word is necessarily “foreign” or not, in general, if the noun ends with i, o, u, or y, its plural form takes an ‘s’. 6? The clever way around this problem is to use another noun that we can count, e.g. Otherwise, there are also loan words from classical languages or Italian that tend to take -(i)en in the plural. NOTE: just as for feminine nouns ending in -nis, the ‘s’ must be doubled before the -e. das Bild (picture) → die Bilderdas Buch (book) → die Bücherdas Kleid (dress) → die Kleiderdas Kind (child) → die Kinder. One of the benefits of this system are that you simultaneously work with various aspects of nouns, whether gender, spelling, or number of syllables. See the difference? Scientific terms ending with -on in the singular also take this plural form, e.g. It’s possible to calculate the categories of German noun plurals differently, but for our purposes, we’ll say there are these 6 regular categories because these cover the majority of nouns. To insert special letters: 1. der Vater => die. Check out this example with die Flitterwochen (honeymoon). Weitere Informationen ansehen. Suffixes (A) - Ends with -chen, -lein, -en, -er, -el → no change, 2. das Cello → die Celli, das Konto (account) → die Konten), but frequently take a simple -s plural in colloquial German (e.g. What is the Definition of German noun Computer. Mass nouns, like butter, and water, don't have a singular and plural. Some (but not all — just to keep us on our toes) ‘f’s also change to ‘v’s: wife → wives, wolf → wolves. -ung, -schaft, -tät, -ur), ~25% of all nouns ending in -er or -el (just the -n, though, without the extra -e). Dieses Wort gehört zum Wortschatz des Goethe-Zertifikats B1. Maybe we have a leg up on German plurals after all. Male persons who haven’t already gotten off at Train Stop #1. Wow! color:#777777; – geschlechtsneutrale Stellenausschreibungen, Der etymologische Zusammenhang zwischen „Dom“ und „Zimmer“, Die Schreibung von Verbindungen mit „frei“, Verflixt und zugenäht! Some of these nouns exist only in singular form: der Besitz — possessionsdie Brille — eyeglassesdie Hose — pantsder Lohn — wagesdie Politik — politicsder Pyjama — pyjamasdie Zange — tongs. Learn about how declensions (a.k.a. NOTE: I say BLUE just because that is the color that I randomly chose for myself when I first started learning German at age 14. Certain suffixes (<– always on polysyllabic nouns) always* take the same plural, regardless of the noun’s gender: With these 4 hierarchical rules, you’ll have German plurals wrapped up! For nouns, specifically, then, I recommend you reserve several pages of your nouns section for each of the 6 regular plural forms and a 7th for the -s plural form. (now rare, chiefly historical) A person employed to perform computations; one who computes. To break it down for you for plurals specifically, here you go: However, the smarter-not-harder way is to relate the gender AND plural form to the hard-and-fast rules (or, in some cases, guidelines) that I’ve spelled out for you here. „sowohl als auch“ – Singular oder Plural in Aufzählungen? TIP: 70% of nouns that end with -nis or -sal are neuter, but they also take an -e plural! Die Mutter (mother) → die Mütterdie Tochter (daughter) → die Töchter, die Erlaubnis (permission) → die Erlaubnissedie Mühsal (hardship) → die Mühsaledie Finsternis (darkness) → die Finsternisse. If you know the gender of the singular noun, you can accurately predict the correct plural about 80% of the time (<– very good reason to learn nouns with their genders!). Is your noun a monosyllable? If so, get off here and put on the -s plural! You can devise your own methods for regularly reviewing and practicing (or read my other study tips! Melden Sie sich an, um dieses Wort auf Ihre Merkliste zu setzen. Add 'er' Most of these words are either masculine (der) or neuter (das) For example: Das Kind. computer computery / computry genitiv: computeru / computru computerů / computrů dativ: computeru / computru computerům / computrům akuzativ: computer computery / computry vokativ: computere / computre computery / computry lokál: computeru / computru computerech / computrech instrumentál: computerem / computrem computery / computry der Sessel (armchair)→ die Sesselder Fahrer (driver) → die Fahrerder Onkel (uncle)→ die Onkelder Computer → die Computer, der Vetter (male cousin) → die Vetternder Stachel (thorn)→ die Stachelnder Charakter (character)→ die Charaktere der Muskel (muscle)→ die Muskeln, der Garten (garden) → die Gärtender Mantel (coat) → die Mäntelder Vater (father) → die Väterder Apfel (apple) → Äpfel, der Tisch (table) → die Tischeder Arm (arm) → die Armeder Hund (dog) → die Hundeder Versuch (attempt)→ die Versuche, der Bach (creek) → die Bächeder Stuhl (chair) → die Stühleder Fuß (foot) → die Füßeder Bart (beard) → die Bärte, der Gott (God) → die Götterder Mann (man) → die Männerder Wald (forest) → die Wälderder Irrtum (error) → die Irrtümer.
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