Nests are usually located near a pond, lake or river, but may be found in woodlands up to a mile from water. Along coastal wintering grounds they feed largely on crustaceans, mollusks, small fishes and some plant material. They nest in tree cavities in the boreal forest of Canada and Alaska; look for them on large rivers, lakes, and Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf coasts in winter. In breeding season requires large trees (for nesting cavities) close to clear, cold water, as around northern lakes, bogs, rivers. Female common goldeneyes nest in natural tree cavities, abandoned woodpecker holes or nest boxes and lay an average of 9 eggs. The common goldeneye has a wingspan of 30.3-32.7 in (77-83 cm). These distinctively shaped, large-headed ducks dive for their food, eating mostly aquatic invertebrates and fish. Female common goldeneyes have chocolate brown heads, a whitish neckband, and speckled gray back and sides. These distinctively shaped, large-headed ducks dive for their food, eating mostly aquatic invertebrates and fish. Male common goldeneyes have blackish iridescent green heads with a white circular patch between the eye and the base of the bill. The bill is blackish, becoming yellow near the tip, and the legs and feet are yellowish. Common goldeneyes fly in small compact clusters, with their wings making a distinctive whistle at every wing beat. Along the Atlantic coast, birds winter from Newfoundland to Florida and on the Pacific coast from the Aleutian Chain south to California. The species is named for its golden-yellow eye. The Common Goldeneye is an uncommon wintering bird in Tennessee and may be found in the state from early November to early April. Common goldeneyes use brackish estuarine and saltwater bays and deep freshwater habitats in the winter and dive to feed on a wide variety of available animal life. The St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes also provide wintering habitat. They nest in tree cavities in the boreal forest of Canada and Alaska; look for them on large rivers, lakes, and Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf coasts in winter. The breast, sides, belly and patch across the secondaries and secondary wing coverts are white. Their legs and feet are orange-yello… The males stay with their mate through the winter and defend their territory during the breeding season, then leave for the molting site. In winter mostly on shallow, protected bays and estuaries, also on rivers and lakes. Common goldeneyes breed across the forested areas of Canada, Minnesota, Michigan, Alaska and the northeastern United States. They are cavity nesters and have a strong homing tendency, often using the same cavity in successive years. Common goldeneyes breed across the forested areas of Canada, Minnesota, Michigan, Alaska and the northeastern United States. The Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, birding, and opportunities to help bird conservation. Goldeneyes are cavity-nesting ducks and generally require forested habitat with mature trees (deciduous or coniferous) that offer suitable nesting cavities. Their breeding habitat consists of wooded lakes and ponds primarily in northwestern North America, but also in scattered locations in eastern Canada and Iceland. Medium-distance migrant. Ducks and Geese: Habitat: Forested lakes, rivers; in winter, also salt bays, seacoasts. The upper wings are brownish-black with the middle five secondaries colored white. Adult males have a dark head with a greenish gloss and a circular white patch below the eye, a dark back and a white neck and belly. Adult females have a brown head and a mostly grey body. They are cavity nesters and have a strong homing tendency, often using the same cavity in successive years. Recent breeding population data are not available due to the difficulty of surveying birds in forested habitat, but estimates of the population have average 1.25 million birds (Bellrose, 1976). They are most abundant among lakes of the Canadian Boreal Forests, especially where lakes or deep marshes have substantial invertebrate populations. The common goldeneye, like the Barrow's goldeneye, is named for its brilliant yellow iris. The North American breeding range extends across the forested regions of Canada, and most birds winter along the Pacific and Atlantic coasts, but also inland from southern Canada to Mexico. Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl(Order: Anseriformes, Family:Anatidae). Females return to the same breeding sites year after year and also tend to use the same nesting sites. Adult males ranges from 45–51 cm (18–20 in) and weigh approximately 1,000 g (2.2 lb), while females range from 40–50 cm (16–20 in) and weigh approximately 800 g (1.8 lb). In fall they migrate late, as lakes are freezing up; they are early migrants in spring. Some individuals winter on large inland lakes and rivers. The bill is black and the legs and feet are yellowish. In inland areas during the summer and fall, they feed on aquatic insects, crustaceans, and aquatic plants. These distinctively shaped, large-headed ducks dive for their food, eating mostly aquatic invertebrates and fish. View more species in our Waterfowl ID gallery. Explore Birds of the World to learn more. They nest in tree cavities in the boreal forest of Canada and Alaska; look for them on large rivers, lakes, and Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf coasts in winter. Mating pairs often stay intact even though the male and female are apart for long periods of time over the summer during … They are most abundant among lakes of the Canadian Boreal Forests, especially where lakes or deep marshes have substantial invertebrate populations. Barrow's goldeneyes nest in wooded or open country, near a lake or pond surrounded by dense vegetation, usually in a natural tree cavity, abandoned woodpecker hole, nest box, rock cavity or stream bank. Get Instant ID help for 650+ North American birds. During migration, goldeneyes stop on large lakes and rivers to feed while they move between breeding and wintering habitats. Barrow's goldeneyes breed in southeastern Alaska, northern Mackenzie and northwestern British Columbia, south to eastern Washington, southwestern Oregon, eastern California, the Colorado Rockies, Quebec, Labrador, Greenland and Iceland. Western-breeding birds move to the Pacific coast along Oregon and California, and eastern breeders move to the Atlantic coast. Some may move from the interior to the Atlantic and Pacific coasts and south along the Mississippi and Snake rivers. They often nest in the same area in successive years, and fe… The wintering populations of the common goldeneyes along the Chesapeake Bay and in Maryland have been decreasing steadily since the 1980s. The back, rump and upper tail coverts are black and the tail is grayish-brown.
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