In fact, rugby roles are as different as the shapes and sizes of the players themselves.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'theukrules_co_uk-medrectangle-3','ezslot_6',105,'0','0'])); Yet, there are appropriate rugby playing positions for those who are tall and thin or short and stocky. The scrum (a contest used to restart play) must consist of eight players from each team: the "front row" (two props, a loosehead and tighthead, and a hooker), the "second row" (two locks), and a "back row" (two flankers, and a number 8). , sfn error: no target: CITEREFInternational_Rugby_Board2011 (, most-capped player in rugby union history, 8th-highest try scorer in international rugby union history, "British & Irish Lions Tour to South Africa in 2009", "Papers Past – New Zealand Free Lance – 24 August 1901 – The New South Wales Match", "The Sydney Morning Herald – Google News Archive Search", "Allan Massie on rugby: Joint captaincy makes perfect sense for Scots – Scotsman.com Sport", "Perfect script unfolds for comeback king", "Rejuvenated Townsend relishes pivotal position", "Outhalf rises to occasion in gritty triumph", "Rugby: Donald measures up Carter's crown", "Veterans to lead Canada into Rugby World Cup", "Rogers muscling Loyola toward 4th straight rugby title", "Rugby: Highlanders reshuffle loosies for Lions clash", "Scotland look to restore pride after drubbing – Sport – Mail & Guardian Online", "New Zealand side built around a twin axis", "Hall of Fame honour for three of Ireland's greats", "Five French legends into IRB Hall of Fame", "Decision to jettison Maggs creates problem for backline", "JPR Williams – the greatest Lions fullback", "Nepia, George – Biography', from the Dictionary of New Zealand biography", "Gerald Davies on the adventure of the Lions", "Rugby Union: Winger Evans hangs up his Test boots", "RWC legends inducted into IRB Hall of Fame", "IRB inducts Japanese legend into Hall of Fame", "Jonah Lomu: A hero who just wants to help", "England vs France no longer only game in town", "Chilean Rugby greats added to IRB Hall of Fame", "Barbarians v New Zealand '73 – the greatest try of them all", "The 10 greatest fly-halves in the history of rugby union", "Barry John puts rugby memorabilia up for sale", "Jack Kyle hopes to lose tag of 'last Grand Slam winner' as Ireland face Wales in Cardiff", "Canadian rugby team thumped by Wallabies", "IRB Hall of Fame 2009 Inductee: Bennie Osler", "Statsguru / Test matches / Player records (overall figures for Canada, ordered by total points scored)", "Scott Miller, Ken Catchpole on drug charges", "Countdown of Africa's top sporting figures (25–21)", "IRB Hall of Fame 2013 Induction: "The British & Irish Lions and Australia, "Scrum safety? Full-backs need to be good defenders and kickers, and have the ability to catch a kicked ball.
Rugby playing positions vary.
, Collective terms are also used to describe similar positions, with the props and hookers combining to form the "front row", the locks the "second row" and the flankers and number 8 the "back row", "loose forwards" or the "loosies". The second row forwards (also known as locks) are the engine room of the scrum and the target men in the lineout, meaning that they need to be tall, powerful players with excellent scrummaging technique and pinpoint timing.
 Both positions have a high workrate, meaning the players need to be fit, fast and good at reading the opposition's attacking plays..
What are the outside center rugby playing positions and their roles on the field?  Traditionally, scrum-halves have been the smallest players on the team, but many modern scrum-halves are a similar size to the other players in the team. Their positions in rugby union involve them in open play tackles, during rucks, and according to rugby maul laws. They will be exploiting the gaps and finding holes in the challenger's defence.  Due to their kicking skills, in some teams the full-back is also responsible for taking the goal kicks. , The scrum-half is the link between the forwards and the backs.
They are often seen as the player who provides the highest work rate in the tackles. Some of the more successful props have short necks and broad shoulders to absorb this force as well as powerful legs to drive the scrum forward. Rugby positions by number at openside flanker combine power, speed, and skill into one rugby field position. , The first international between England and Scotland was played in 1871 and consisted of 20 players on each side: thirteen forwards, three half-backs, one three-quarter and three full-backs. • Be fair in the treatment of all players at all times.  Many fly-halves are also the team's goal kickers.
As such they need to be strong and powerful, and when attack turns into defence, they must also be accomplished at tackling.
He earned 27 caps for Ireland and appeared 17 times for the Lions from 1958 to 1965, captaining the Lions in six Tests; after his playing career ended, he became the first head coach of Ireland and still later served as president of the IRFU and chairman of the IRB Council.
 Blindside flankers also have the task of stopping any attempt by the opposition eighth-man to run with the ball around the blindside of a scrum.
 Michael Lynagh took over fly-half from Ella and in his first test in that position scored an Australian record of 23 points against Canada. Loose-head props get positioned to the left side of the hooker during a scrummage.
Originally, the ball could be kicked directly into touch from any spot on the field, with a line-out then following at the spot where the ball went into touch. The fly-half can be a good kicker and generally directs the back line.
Scrums are formed with three players who bind together the same as the front row. The team is usually split into two, eight forwards and seven backs.
If the full-back kicks the ball out, the opposition have the line-out whereas if they start a counter-attack they have a number of options. During general play, as long as they are not offside, the players may be positioned anywhere on the field.
The responsibility of all wingers is finishing off attacking moves created by the backs.
A winger is also often the last line of defence when they don’t have the ball and as such, pace is their major resource. Almost every attack will go through the fly-half, who also has the responsibility of deciding when to pass the ball out to the centres and when to kick for position.  Three locks are members of the IRB Hall of Fame but not the International Hall—Fairy Heatlie, a South African great of the era around 1900 who was also one of the first Argentina internationals; French international Lucien Mias; and early 20th-century Scottish international David Bedell-Sivright. However, flankers can usually play number eight and sometimes the blindside may be used as a lock. The blindside is generally the larger of the two and usually acts as a third jumping option at the line-out. The centres' key attacking roles are to break through the defensive line and link successfully with wingers.
 This allows them to arrive quickly at the next tackle.  If a kick is fielded and there is enough space and support, the full-back may decide to counter-attack by running the ball back towards the opposition. The big push in a scrum falls mostly on the shoulders of the two props in the front row. , Hookers in the International Rugby Hall of Fame include: Sean Fitzpatrick (New Zealand) and Keith Wood (Ireland and Lions). The back row (or loose forwards) consists of three players – two flankers, one on either side of the scrum; and a number eight at the back of the scrum.  Another 2011 inductee in the IRB Hall is Brian Lima of Samoa, who played most of his career on the wing but ended it as a centre.  The prop's main role is to provide stability at the scrum and support the hooker in quickly winning the ball.
Flankers are often considered to be the players with the fewest set responsibilities, but as such must be excellent all-rounders with inexhaustible energy.  The openside flanker binds to the side of the scrum that covers the greatest area, while the blindside covers the side nearest the side-line.
In open play the hooker plays a similar role to the props, securing possession at rucks and mauls, or taking short ‘crash’ passes. If they bind to each other and the props too loosely in the scrum their pack will lose power, and if they are not accurate and dynamic with their lineout jumping, it offers the opposition forwards a chance to steal possession. , The hooker is positioned between the two props in the scrum and generally throws the ball into the line-out.  Gareth Edwards played for Wales and the British and Irish Lions during the 1970s and is regarded by many as the greatest player in history.  Fly-halves need good passing and kicking skills.
The other three players form the backline. JPR Williams of Wales was the first full-back to regularly score tries after the law change, scoring six times in Five Nations matches in the 1970s. The open-side flanker plays on the far side of the scrum from the touchline and is often smaller in size than their blind-side partner, making them more mobile around the pitch. Here’s how each rugby positions looks on the pitch: Along with the hooker, the loose-head and tight-head props make up what is known as the front row, which refers to their rugby positions in the scrum.To be successful, both props must be extremely strong in the neck, shoulders, upper body and legs, and they should relish head-to-head competition.  2013 IRB Hall inductee Waisale Serevi, although most famous as a sevens player and primarily a fly-half in 15s, also started Tests as a scrum-half, wing and full-back, and came off the bench once as a centre and once as an emergency lock.  Hugo Porta is regarded as one of the finest players that Argentina has produced and has been a member of the Laureus World Sports Academy since 2000. As the full-back will inevitably catch the ball deep in their own territory with little support from their own players, they should either kick the ball downfield or run forward to link up with their backs to start a counter-attack.  The openside flanker is usually faster than the blindside, with good opensides excellent at turning over the ball at the tackle. Rugby team positions depend on solid full-back players. You need a well-built rugby flanker playing in these rugby field positions. They tend to be one of the smaller players on the pitch and so rely on protection from their own forwards.
 Utility players can be seen as "Jack of all trades" and they generally occupy the reserve position in a team.
 Number eights are often strong ball carriers and run off the backs in an attempt to break through or push past the opposition's defensive line.
Good hands are needed to ensure the ball is caught cleanly to deny the opposition the chance to regain possession.
, Five scrum-halves are members of the International Rugby Hall of Fame; four of them are also in the IRB Hall of Fame.  Other centres in the International Rugby Hall of Fame are Jo Maso and Philippe Sella from France, known for their flamboyant attacking play.
They scrummage by pushing against the front row thereby providing much of the power and are commonly known as the engine room.  Hookers are usually more mobile than the props and are often used to carry the ball up during open play. Playing just behind the forwards, a good scrum-half will control exactly when the ball is fed out to the backs from the rear of a scrum, ruck or maul.
The centres take on their opposite number in an attempt to either break the defensive line, or draw in enough opposition defenders to create space and try-scoring opportunities for their team-mates.
In the game of rugby union, there are 15 players on each team, comprising eight forwards (wearing jerseys numbered 1–8) and seven backs (numbered 9–15).In addition, there may be up to eight replacement players "on the bench", numbered 16–23.
Props push in the scrums, while the hooker tries to secure the ball for their team by "hooking" it back with their heel.
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