Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington. Try keeping the animal hungry for a time. eggs are deposited primarily in large masses that may Any info would be greatly appreciated! , Although they are primarily carnivorous, they are the only salamanders observed eating plant material.. The gills atrophy during this period. Sirenidae, the sirens, are a family of aquatic salamanders. Humans have not domesticated these amphibians in any way. Also, males have been observed with bite marks, indicating Juveniles have a red band along the snout and side of head. Just wanted to let you know we find her to be sweet natured. Four toes are found on each foreleg. floating plants. However, one of them has stopped eating and has developed white blotches on its body. It will most likely push beneath whatever cover is available, they do not climb, but no real way to hazard a guess as to location. No set guidelines, esp. However, most live in slow moving waters with lots of vegetation. The Eel was still there, but I was obviously concerned. Greater Sirens aestivate (become dormant) during droughts. brown color and have a sticky gel coat adhering to each body of water temporarily dries up the sirens will burrow Frank, My lesser siren I “shredding” her tail…like there are pieces missing from her tail…it seems to be healing now but will the end of her tail regrow? They are usually some form of gray to bluish black, and have two small forelegs tucked behind external gills. I’ve known some that adjusted well, but have not run across any “picky eaters”. So far, she seems fine with other fish in her tank, unless they are boisterous and worm shaped (weather loaches). Blue-Tailed Fire-Bellied Newt (Chuxiong Fire-Bellied Newt) About; Fun Fact; Conservation; These little salamanders are blue green to brown on their backs with orange spots on their stomachs, edges of their mouths, and behind their eyes. It helps with their electrolyte balance good luck , Thanks…Reptisafe is a good choice, Best, Frank. such as sloughs and ponds. Sand may also be ingested with food, and can cause impactions. Sirens are not commonly kept or bred in captivity, so anything we learn is very useful…I’m very interested to hear how all goes; please keep me posted if you can. I questioned the other volunteer, said she had not seen him since Tuesday, but that she does not specifically look for him every day. I give turtle to reptile pro store. Until the number of species and subspecies has been finalized, the We’ve been using a clean pillow case for these occasions, as she is too big for anything else. I have a great siren and I was wondering what kind of substrate to use. These amphibians differ from most other salamanders in that they never leave the water. Did you ever see something like that? ingested. I researched bacterial infections in axolotls and they suggested Holtfreter’s salt solution and wondered that your thoughts were. My husband noted a few scratches. Loader, S.D. clutch or are incidental to the area, as appropriate Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, MA. When I first arrived in the am I found him upside down, could see little hind legs. best to separate the siren, as the stress will also affect long term health. The end of their thick bodies taper to a point, and their tails are flattened to aid in swimming. Both subspecies intergrade along west central Alabama. … There r tiny white spots around her left gills. inside or under should also be provided to help prevent However whole prey items are the best food items possible Gower, M. Wilkinson, S.P. Without fail, I have learned much from them and hope, dear readers, that you will be generous in sharing your thoughts on this blog and web site. I would like to observe it for a few months before releasing later this summer. digested and may just be an artifact of the manner in either mate guarding behaviors or territorial encounters. There are isolated populations in southern Texas and Tamaulipas, Mexico. Her name is Freckles because she has dark spots sprinkled along her body. Their enclosures must be large enough to house an adult, or you should be prepared to graduate them to larger tanks as they grow. I just wanted to tell you that they aren’t all vicious. and have front limbs that have 4 toes on each foot. Keep an eye out for red areas on the skin…loss of the protective slime, coupled with minor abrasions, can lead to bacterial/fungal infections. In laboratory situations, these hardy beasts have survived for over 5 years in dormancy, losing more than 85% of their body weight in the process! Salamanders are by no means defenseless – indeed, the skin toxins produced by the California Newt and its relatives are among the most virulent natural chemicals known. See References below for link to additional information. have 3 toes on each foot, and the Amphiumas have 4 small legs.) The National Leader of Wholesale Reptiles & Exotic Mammals since 1989 habitats may have a very large population of these Should I follow the directions on the bottle? It is a large tank with cold slowly flowing water. This caudate “rule-breaker” can bite viciously in self defense, and is a major predator in its environment…but it is also among the most interesting amphibians that one can keep, and very hardy to boot. Sirens are quite distinct from other salamanders, and in some classifications they form their own suborder, Sirenoidea, or as a completely distinct order (Meantes or Trachystomata). consist of several layers of eggs. in color, tending more towards a light gray color. today=new Date(); on the viability of this species. Is one preferred over the other? So I don’t know what to think, if he was out or not. Lighter specimens often have small dark spots along the head and dorsum. My question is this: I have been feeding the Siren a large Pinky every couple of days…is this diet enough for him? (In contrast, dwarf sirens, Pseudobranchus spp. diet of either frozen fish or goldfish.  They are notable among salamanders (and most amphibians, aside from a few frog species) due to their semi-herbivorous habits. USA, 104: 887-892, Peng Zhang, David B.Wake (2009) Higher-level salamander relationships and divergence dates inferred from complete mitochondrial genomes. Sorry for the delay…missed the post somehow; nice to hear you are interested in this species. With good care, lesser sirens can live for At least two of the species can produce vocalizations. Spent females have been observed with multiple bites possibly indicating that biting is part of courtship in this salamander. You should also ensure that any pet you purchase comes from captive breeding, and not captured from the wild.  They are neotenic, although the larval gills are small and functionless at first, and only adults have fully developed gills. Thankfully, he was still alive and returned to the tank. All Caudata Culture content is Hi Frank, thanks for all of your informative posts, it has been a great learning experience for a former reptile phob. Siren status is difficult to monitor due to their aquatic habitat and secretive ways. The other volunteer reported to me that he seemed fine. They are the eastern Lesser Siren (Siren i. I bought the methlyene blue. Yes, they wander at night and are escape artists, be sure to secure top with screen clips or as best suited for your tank. . Muddy, weed-choked swamps, ponds, ditches and the vegetated shores of large lakes and streams.