Often more than 6 ft (1.8 m), but specimens reaching up to 8 ft (2.4 m) are also not uncommon, The dorsal part is primarily pitch black in color with a highly glossy scaled skin, while the ventral part is somewhat salmon pink, From the southern parts of south Texas extending up to Veracruz in Mexico, Prefer living in burrows left by other animals in lightly vegetated areas close to a permanent water source; also found in mesquite savannah, coastal sand dunes and open grasslands. He was enjoying the morning sun and not moving so I got out and moved him to keep him from getting squished. Another species of indigo snake, Drymarchon couperi, is found in Florida and in adjacent Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia. Indigo snakes regularly feed on mammals, birds, frogs and other snakes, including rattlesnakes and cottonmouths. They actively search for prey that they can swallow. When cornered, they may flatten their heads, hiss and vibrate their tails, which produces a rattling sound. I see them regularly in the seven to eight feet range. Texas Indigo Snake Found in Texas and almost everywhere in Mexico, the Texas Indigo Snake is a large size snake that is a member of the colubrid family. Indigo snakes breed in the winter and are more active in cold weather than most other snakes. Eats almost anything that then can overpower including birds, eggs, Declared as a ‘threatened’ species by the state of Texas. due primarily to habitat loss. This little guy was laying across a road along the TX/MX border that received lots of oil field traffic. listed as a federally threatened species in Georgia and Florida, Although they are not a threat to human beings, when captured they have been reported to “bite repeatedly and release foul smelling musk and feces to instigate their release. Although reported historically from extreme southern South Carolina, indigo snakes have not been confirmed in the state in recent years and the early records are questionable. The closely-related Texas indigo snake (Drymarchon corais) is found in southern Texas and other subspecies range into Central and South America. The Texas Indigo will definitely make an indelible impression on you that you will not soon forget! Survey and Monitoring of the Eastern Indigo Snake in Georgia. Willson unless otherwise noted. its range. Conservation Status: The eastern indigo snake is currently Roads bisect its territory, and many snakes each year are run over by cars. Each snake requires a large home range to forage, and urban sprawl is shrinking its usable habitat. This species is protected throughout Published on December 5th 2017 by staff under Snakes. They are non-venomous and have been declared as a threatened species by the US state of Texas. According to an article written about the Central American Indigo Snake on the website “Herps of Texas,” The Texas Indigo Snake, or Drymarchon melanurus, “is found from Texas south through Central America to Venezuela. For the last few years, we have been selectively building a genetically-diverse, high-quality breeding group. Another species of indigo snake, Drymarchon couperi, is found in Florida and in adjacent Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia. Drymarchon melanurus erebennus from Cameron County, Texas Photo by John Williams. Range of Drymarchon melanurus erebennus in south Texas Map by Tom Lott, … Until relatively recently, all indigo snakes in the U.S. were considered to be the same species, D. corais. Required fields are marked *. Indigos may also hiss, vibrate their tail, and flatten their necks vertically to appear ‘dangerous.’ ” Source: www.HerpsofTexas.org, There are three (3) types of Indigo snakes that inhabit portions of the southern United States, through Central American and in Southern South America. Texas Indigos are similar in appearance to Eastern Indigos and have similar temperaments and captive care requirements. This one, at around 5ft. Despite these intimidating acts, the indigo snake rarely bites. Photos by J.D. Though it’s called the Texas indigo snake (Drymarchon melanurus erebennus), the snake’s range also extends into northern Mexico. They are non-venomous and have been declared as a threatened species by the US state of Texas. The closely-related Texas indigo snake (Drymarchon corais) is found in southern Texas and other subspecies range into Central and South America. The third indigo snake species, Drymarchon corais is found only in South America.”. Finally, you should know that the Texas Indigo Snake is listed as a threatened species by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Their historic range extended into Louisiana. Article was last reviewed on 14th June 2019. During the summer they prefer wetland edges where prey is abundant but move to drier habitats in the winter. According to an article written about the Central American Indigo Snake on the website “Herps of Texas,” The Texas Indigo Snake, or Drymarchon melanurus, “is found from Texas south through Central America to Venezuela. During the active season indigo snakes may move long distances and often forage along wetland margins. The snake makes its habitat primarily near permanent water sources in the Tamaulipan grassland region of South Texas, although it can also be found as far north and west as the southern edge of the Edwards Plateau in western Central Texas. As mentioned earlier, Texas Indigo snakes hunt for their food during the day—diurnal hunters! Account author: Andrew M. Grosse, University of Georgia edited by J.D. Â© All Right Reserved Â© 2020 El MesteÃ±o Ranch, The Plant LIfe Cycle of our Native Guajillo, Texas Brown Tarantula (Aphonopelma hentzi), Chicle – a silly, fun-loving, stealthy Donkey, Donkey Tails: The Life and Times of Chicle, King aka "Snoops" – a handsome horse that is all heart. +/- is actually small by TX Indigo standards. Description: The eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon couperi) is a massive, black snake. These snakes use gopher tortoise burrows as shelter during the winter and during the warmer months for nesting and refuge from intense summer heat. Indigo snakes are sexually dimorphic, with males growing to larger lengths than females. It is the longest snake native to the United States, ranging in size from 60-84 inches (152-213 cm), and is entirely shiny bluish-black color, including the belly. Range and Habitat: Eastern indigo snakes are restricted to Florida and southern areas of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. A related species, the Texas indigo snake (Drymarchon melanurus erebennus), is found in … TEXAS INDIGO SNAKE Drymarchon melanurus erebennus. Until relatively recently, all indigo snakes in the U.S. were considered to be the same species, D. corais. They can be found close to water sources. This can include other snakes, including rattlesnakes, mice, rats, birds, toads, and turtles, just to name a few. Its primary threat is from habitat loss due to human development. Southeastern Naturalist 2(3):393-408. Your email address will not be published. 2003. Stevenson, Dirk J., Karen J. Dyer, and Beth A. Willis-Stevenson. The chin and sides of the head are usually colored reddish or orange-brown. The Texas indigo snake is listed as a threatened species by the state of Texas. Also, these snakes will occasionally feed on young gopher tortoises. They lay their eggs in the Spring—up to 12 eggs! Young male Drymarchon melanurus erebennus from Cameron County, Texas Photo by August 'Gus' Rentfro. Willson. Found in Texas and almost everywhere in Mexico, the Texas Indigo Snake is a large size snake that is a member of the colubrid family. It takes approximately +/- 80 days for hatchlings to appear. Your email address will not be published. The nonvenomous Texas Indigo Snake is really something special! This is quite a large snake that can range in length anywhere from three (3) to eight (8) feet and weigh anywhere from approximately five (5) to six (6) pounds. The eastern indigo snake ranges from extreme southwestern South Carolina south through Florida and west to southern Alabama and southeastern Mississippi. Habits: Indigo snakes are active strictly by day. The Indigo Snake is listed as a Threatened Species by the State of Texas. These snakes hunt during the day, and that makes your chances of getting to see one of these impressive reptiles much greater if you are out and about in their habitat during the day. Once outside of the state of Texas, Texas Indigos are not protected and can be shipped across state lines without a permit. Consequently, as a threatened species, they are protected by the state of Texas. Juvenile indigo snakes look very similar to adults but have much more red on their heads. In the Southeast, indigo snakes are restricted to areas of xeric pine-oak sandhills, which are usually inhabited by gopher tortoises. Another distinguishing feature that will assist you in your positive identification of it will be that in addition to having a sleek, shiny, black body with blue-gray belly scales, it will also be sporting an a eye-catching reddish or orange-brown head and chin. Texas Indigo.
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